In January, Daisy was diagnosed with dementia, also known as Canine Cognitive Dysfunction or CDD
Although we hear little about it, half of dogs over the age of 10 show signs of the disease and 68 per cent of dogs over 15. Daisy is 13 this year.
The first indication came last summer when she began snapping at other dogs. Normally, she’s friendly and loves to play.
She grew increasingly clingy and was restless at night, growling at Tommy and I if we moved an inch as we sat with her on the sofa.
On a few occasions she was wide awake in the small hours, shaking and pacing and no amount of cuddles could settle her so there were nights we were out walking at 3am.
Her depth sensation - her ability to sense distance - changed and she began leaping over kerbs and misjudging steps and walking close to walls and edges.
She seemed confused by doors, going to the hinge side and kept going into the corner of rooms and climbing under chairs.
I wrote a list for her vet, Stuart Becker at Lymm Veterinary Surgery and he confirmed what we suspected - she had dementia.
We want our dogs to be pups forever and Daisy being diagnosed with a progressive illness for which there is no cure was devastating.
But one of the reasons why I set up this blog was to write about the things that affect our pet’s health and provide a helpful resource.
Stuart and his colleague Rachel Dean who has cared for Daisy for many years kindly agreed to explain the treatment available and how owners can help their dogs.
Daisy enjoying a day at the beach just after she was diagnosed with dementia
Daisy has been prescribed Vivitonin twice a day, can you explain how it works and what other treatments are available?
Vivitonin is the trade name for propentofylline and this drug increases the blood flow to the brain, heart and muscles, which should increase the availability of oxygen and nutrients to these organs.
It protects against abnormal clotting which can cause thrombosis or stroke and widens the airways in the lungs to make breathing more efficient.
Another drug to treat dementia is Selgian or selegiline which increases the levels of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter vital to normal neurone function.
It was the first drug licenced to treat cognitive decline in dogs and it takes between two to six weeks to work, unlike Vivitonin, so it’s not our first choice.
There has been some work looking at other drugs, such as those which increase alertness by altering adrenaline or hormone levels, but these aren't widely used in practice at the moment.
Can the condition be treated with nutrition too?
Yes, increasing age in dogs is associated with higher concentrations of free radical oxygen species in the body.
These are highly reactive molecules which can bind and damage structures within cells. When it happens in the brain, this damage is one of the causes of cognitive decline.
Nutritional therapy aims to increase the level of antioxidants and other molecules which can deactivate the free radical oxygen species and prevent the damage.
Daisy also takes a supplement called Aktivait. How does this benefit her?
Aktivait works by increasing the level of antioxidants and contains vitamin C, vitamin E, fatty acids, l-carnitine to improve mitochondrial function in the cell, and phosphatidylserine which is a membrane phospholipid. (This aids memory and reduces brain deterioration)
This is a product we have used for many years and are happy with, but there are several alternatives on the market from other suppliers.
What other advice would you give to help dogs cope?
The severity of cognitive decline appears to be improved by dogs having a regular and predictable daily routine and for owners to continue with training, play, exercise and using interactive toys.
These must be suitable for the individual dog's physical ability, so for example for a dog like Daisy whose mobility is reduced by arthritis we would suggest short walks and find and seek games.
Owners should accommodate the new needs of their dog, so for example, they may require more frequent toilet opportunities.
As mobility can be affected, try to create non-slip surfaces, so put down rugs or carpet on wooden or tiles floors.
Finally, add smell, texture or sound cues to different places in the home such as the bed or food bowl to help their pet navigate the environment more easily.
We’d like to thank Rachel, Stuart and the team at Lymm Vets for caring for Daisy and supporting us - there have been tears as you can imagine! We hope their advice benefits others.
We try to make sure Daisy enjoys life by taking her to places she loves like the beach
Update on Daisy
Since Daisy started taking her medication, the growling episodes at night have stopped. It took around two weeks for this to happen.
She has slowed down but is still enjoying her walks.
Before, we had a few occasions where she couldn't sleep and was agitated and pacing in the night but this hasn't happened since we put her treatment plan in place.
Dogs can't tell us how they feel, but while Daisy still has moments of confusion, most days she is like her old self.
We keep in touch with our vet, monitor the signs daily and treasure every day we have with her and that is the advice I'd give to owners in the same position.
I’ve found the following websites very useful for support and if you have a senior dog you might like to read them
Eileen Anderson’s www.dogdementia.com Eileen was inspired to set up the site after her dog Cricket was diagnosed in 2011.
She sadly died in 2013 and Eileen wrote a book, Remember Me: Loving and Caring for a dog with CDD which I would highly recommend.
Hindy Pearson’s www.caringforaseniordog.com Hindy is a dog trainer and behaviour consultant and a pet grief support coach. She writes about her dog Red, 17, who has dementia and adopts old and special needs dogs.
If you have a senior dog like Daisy, our interview with Hannah Capon, a vet who founded the Canine Arthritis Management might be helpful too. Click HERE to read her advice on how to help your dog.
Do you have a dog with dementia and have any advice you’d like to share? I’d love to hear it so please feel free to pop a comment below.